The term “environmental factors” is vague and can refer to any physical or non-physical element that has an impact on plants, animals and people living in the area affected by the factor. Environmental factors play a role in everything from health to behavior, and can differ in importance between industries. For example, in medicine the term refers to things that have an impact on health, while in horticulture it refers to things that help or hinder the growth of plants.
Many different types of environmental factors play a role in the survival of a species. While these factors may vary, the most important factors are climate, water supply, and air quality. These three factors can affect almost everyone and everything in a specific environment, as well as have a direct impact on each other. For example, weather conditions and pollution can affect water supply, and extreme pollution can affect weather conditions.
Environmental factors related to weather conditions play an important role in everything from cultivation to driving to work. Most plants need specific climates to grow and thrive, and even the slightest unexpected change in temperature can ruin a crop. Icy or snow-covered roads can make work difficult, which can lead to a loss of productivity. Those living in areas affected by extreme weather conditions often adapt and plan accordingly, but sudden changes in weather conditions can make planning difficult. For example, areas that rarely see snow may not be prepared for an unexpected snowstorm.
Almost all living things need a sufficient supply of clean water to survive. While most developed countries have access to a steady supply of high-quality water, those in underdeveloped countries often struggle to find an unpolluted source. Lack of drinking water can cause crops, animals and people to get sick. Even in developed countries, water can become a scarce commodity in times of drought. Adapting to changes in water supply by limiting unnecessary use is becoming very important right now.
Like weather and water, air quality is another environmental factor that plays an important role in the overall health of a species. Air pollution not only wreaks havoc on the health of the population, but can also damage physical structures. Even short-term exposure to pollution can have a negative impact on health by compromising the respiratory system.
Certain environmental factors, such as drinking water and air pollution, can change if the population of an area takes steps to improve the quality of their environment. Others, like the weather, are out of anyone’s control. Adapting to new factors is one of the most important ways to ensure survival in a constantly changing environment.