The dwarf angel fish is a freshwater aquarium fish of the genus Pterophyllum, which is often confused with small varieties of saltwater angel fish of the genus Centropyge. They come from only three freshwater river regions of South America, including the Amazon River. Pterophyllum leopoldi, or angel fish Leopold, is the smallest variety in the genus and reaches a size of 4 centimeters.
Freshwater angel fish are considered a good option for someone new to the practice of having an aquarium at home. They are a popular fish species in pet stores, making them easy to find and one of the most colorful and aesthetically pleasing freshwater fish in general. Dwarf angel fish also tend to have a strong personality and will interact with people trying to get their attention near the aquarium. The three species of tropical freshwater angel fish available to add to aquariums are Pterophyllum leopoldi, Pterophyllum altum and Pterophyllum scalare, in a variety of colors and brands.
The genus generally has a very flat triangular-shaped body with large decorative dorsal and ventral fins that make them immediately recognizable. The most common coloration for dwarf angel fish is that of a silver body with black vertical stripes, but species such as leopolds are golden with silver stripes and the altums are golden with black stripes. They can also have a mottled effect where there are swirls of black and silver on the body, or they can be solid black, pearly gold, or red with white spots similar to the colors of goldfish and koi carp.
A freshwater aquarium should be large enough, as dwarf angels like to swim vertically in the aquarium, and if the aquarium is large enough, they will not show territorial or aggressive behavior. Other fish that can complement an aquarium containing dwarf angel fish should be those also found in South America, such as coria or catfish, but capercaillies and folds found in pet stores are also a good one. option. . A good general rule for tank size is at least 11 gallons (40 liters) per dwarf angel fish and a minimum height of 20 inches (50 centimeters), but the larger and taller the tank, the better.
Angelfish are generally quiet if bought and raised together in groups of six or more. However, they can be aggressive and territorial within the group, and leopolds tend to show these traits more, so the aquarium environment for them needs to be controlled more precisely. They are a social fish in general and tend to stay together in a group. When generated, there may be rivalries within the group, and the generating pair will need to be separated from the rest of the tank. A single clutch can produce up to 1,000 eggs, which hatch in a few days. Therefore, preparations should be made in advance, such as getting enough brine prawns to feed the young angel fish fry.